India has over 80 national parks located throughout the territory. There are larger and more accessible and thus more popular. The purpose of the visitors is mainly that of spotting the tiger. It should however be aware that all animals that live in parks or reserves are wild and therefore can not be guaranteed at all the sighting.
Jim Corbett National Park
Located nell'Uttaranchal (North India), near Ramanagar (Km. 250 from Delhi) is a very important park because the first ever to become a protected reserve in 1936 when it was founded by Jim Corbett. E 'in an environment of rare beauty of the Himalayan mountains, plains and forests, spread over 1288 sq km., At an altitude varying between 385 and 1100 meters above sea level, where the climate varies on average between 4 ° C in winter and 42 ° C in summer. In this beautiful place coexists a significant variety of wildlife, including the tiger, elephants, crocodiles, as well as wild boar, deer, monkeys, reptiles, the osprey and many
others. The Park is open from November 15 to June 15.
Periyar National Park
Periyar is one of the most popular national parks in southern India, in central Kerala. And 'known not only for its tigers, leopards and elephants living in the jungle with other animals, sambar deer, buffalo, squirrels, wild boars and more than 260 varieties of birds. The area of approximately 800 sq km. Is graced by a generous nature, dense forests, hills and high peaks up to 1800 meters, rich in biodiversity, rare and endemic fauna and flora. The park implements a careful habitat conservation policy. Its lake was created by a dam created by the British in 1895 to irrigate the Tamil Nadu. In 800 the royal family who used the area as a hunting ground, wanted to protect her from the expansion of tea cultivation. In 1933 the area was declared a nature reserve and in 1978 came under the Project Tiger protection until, in 1982, was recognized National Park. In 1991 it was included in the Project Elephant Reserve. Periyar remains open all year. Dried and fresh periods ranging from October to February. Even in the monsoon months the park is fascinating and the wet vegetation issues a particular scent but wild animals do not need to get out of the forest to quench their thirst. The months of March and April are the most humid weather, but it is at that moment that the elephants pass in the water most of the time.
If you travel to Kerala, do not miss the Eravikulam National Park, in Western Ghats: its 97 sq km. Home to the largest population (about 800 animals) of Nilgiri Tahr in the world, a caprid endangered. The Park is the main attraction of the charming town of Munnar, 1600 m.s.l.m., along with Rajamala, 15 km., And the waterfalls of Lakkom. About 60% of Eravikulam surface is covered by grasslands, 25% by Shola forests, 8.45% by subtropical forests and 7.5% by shrubs and rocky cliffs. In the Park, where stands the highest peak of Anamudi (m. 2695 m.), An area of 200 hectares is classified as an area of medicinal plants. In the park they slide the Periyar, the Chalakudy and Pambar, source of water for the indigenous population, as Muthuvans, and tea plantations (the first was planted in 1890). The whole area is a great opportunity for research thanks to the richness of its ecosystem as well as great value in terms of ecotourism. A significant variety of mammals, birds, butterflies, amphibians and reptiles inhabits the park. Leopards, tigers, panthers, elephants and bears are the areas to be admired. Former hunting reserve and, in 1975, declared a Wildlife Sanctuary by the Kerala government to protect the Nilgiri Tahr and its habitat, Eravikulam is elevated to National Park status in 1978. Its uniqueness it attracts the attention of many hunters, naturalists and scientists. The park is accessible from the airports of Kochi (Kerala) and Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu), located approximately 148 and 175 km. The Eravikulam Park is closed in February and March.
Bandipur National Park
The National Park and Bandipur Tiger Reserve, 800 sq km., Is located 80 Km. From the city of Mysore in Karnataka state, where the Deccan Plateau meets the Western Ghats mountains; the altitude of the park ranges from 680 to 1,454 meters s.l.m. up to the highest point on the hill Himavad Gopalaswamy Betta, where there is a Hindu temple. The park is flanked by the Kabini River to the north and the south Moyar River and is crossed by the river Nugu. Bandipur, once a private hunting reserve for the Kingdom of Mysore Maharaja in 1973 was included in Project Tiger. Since 1931 it is protected natural area elected sanctuary for the protection of animals. The park, of particular interest to the Asian elephant protection and the gaur, Indian bison, is rich in forests, enjoys a wide range of habitats that supports many rare species of flora and home to endangered animals. And 'the environment of Indian elephants, gaurs, tigers, sloth bears, turtles, pythons, cobras, lizards, chameleons, antelopes, jackals, and dhole, the red dogs of the Deccan that Rudyard Kipling describes in the second Jungle Book. Among the birds, hawks, vultures, peacocks, hoopoes, eagles, kingfishers. It 'located on the route to the well-known Periyar, where there is another famous park. The climate of Bandipur is tropical and dry and warm period starts around the beginning of March and can last until the month of June when the monsoons arrive.
Sariska Tiger Reserve
Included as part of the Project Tiger this park of Rajasthan, in the Aravalli hills, protected nature reserve since 1955, and ancient reserve of the State's sovereign hunting, is rich in wildlife over an area of about 500 sq km. The nearest towns are two the cities of the Golden Triangle, Jaipur, which is about 2 hours drive, 140 Km.) and Delhi (which is about 4 hours drive, 170 Km.). The royal tiger inhabiting the reserve and living in the wild is in the company of other splendid specimens of Indian bison, foxes, hyenas, leopards, and so on, in addition to a myriad of birds including eagles and vultures, to name a few . All on a background of remarkable beauty environment. By thick vegetation sprouting the ruins of ancient Hindu temples of medieval dedicated to Shiva, and the splendid palace of the Maharaja of Alwar, luxury hotel today. The Sariska Tiger Reserve is open from October 1 to June 30 for all seven days of the week thus remaining closed during the monsoon season from July to mid-September.